Category Periodicals

The New York Tribune February 24, 1868

In the turbulent administration of Andrew Johnson, Johnson stood with white supremacists against equal rights for African Americans. Arrayed against that group was a coalition of Radical and Moderate Republicans in Congress, along with Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton and some other key individuals. Congress had passed the Tenure of Office Act which specified […]

Southern Moderates and Secession: Senator Robert M. T. Hunter’s Call for Union

This is an article by William S. Hitchcock in The Journal of American History, Vol. LIX, No. 4, March, 1973, pp. 871-884. The article looks at the writings and beliefs of Senator Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter of Virginia, chairman of the U.S. Senate Finance Committee, a man many historians refer to as a moderate in the […]

The Ultimatum of Virginia Unionists: ‘Security for Slavery or Disunion’

This is an article by Dean A. Arnold in the Journal of Negro History, Vol.XLVIII, No. 2, April, 1963, pp. 115-129. I’ve previously quoted from this article here. Arnold tells us, “In reality, the Virginia Unionists, as well as other Southern conservatives, were definitely ‘conditional Unionists’ who felt strongly that Negro slavery was more important than […]

The Change of Secession Sentiment in Virginia in 1861

This is an article by James Elliott Walmsley from the American Historical Review, Volume XXXI, No. 1, October, 1925, pages 82-101. It consists of two sets of letters. The first set is from Judge Edward Calohill Burks, of Liberty, Virginia (now Bedford, VA) and Lynchburg, VA, who at this time was a member of the Virginia […]

Virginia’s Reluctant Secession

This is an article by William W. Freehling in Volume 5, Issue Number 4 (May, 2002) of North & South Magazine (pages 80-89) covering the results of his research into Virginia’s secession. Earlier that year, Professor Freehling gave a paper to the University of Richmond’s Douglas Southall Freeman and Southern Intellectual History Conferences titled, “Virginia’s (Reluctant) […]

The South’s Achilles Heel

I came across a very interesting article in Volume 55, No. 5 (October, 2016) of Civil War Times in an interview with historian R. Douglas Hurt of Purdue University regarding his book, Agriculture and the Confederacy: Policy, Productivity, and Power in the Civil War South. Hurt makes several fascinating points during the interview, such as, “By 1861, […]

The Liberator Files

All the issues of William Lloyd Garrison’s abolitionist newspaper, The Liberator, are scanned and available for viewing here. This is a rich primary source of abolitionist thought.