Look at most histories of the Civil War era and you will probably see a claim that the North had an industrialized society whereas the South was primarily an agricultural society.
How true is that?
Here’s what the Census has to say about the South:
Definitely a primarily agricultural reason, right?
Now, let’s take a look at what the 1860 Census says about the rest of the country:
Does this look like it’s primarily industrial? Not to me. Let’s look at the two states with the highest number of manufacturing businesses, New York and Pennsylvania. New York had over 195,000 farms encompassing almost 21 million acres of farmland and 22,624 manufacturing locations. Pennsylvania had over 156,000 farms on over 17 million acres of land and 22,363 manufacturing locations. To say one section was primarily industrial is actually a distortion. The entire country–all sections–was primarily agricultural in 1860. There’s no doubt there was more industry in the sections outside the South, but not so much as to sustain the claim it was primarily industrial or manufacturing.